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Enforcement and sanctions

Questions and answers about the options and sanctions available to the authorities to enforce requirements.

The current restrictions due to the Coronavirus pandemic applicable until 31 October 2020 are extended until the end of 2 January 2021.

The maximum number of people allowed to gather is lowered to 10 people. This restriction is applicable as from 26 October 2020 to 13 December 2020.

From 26 October 2020 until the end of 2 January 2021, it is not allowed to sell alcohol in retail shops and kiosks after 10.00 pm.

Further, the requirement to wear face a mask or shield will also apply in retail shops and at educational, cultural and recreational institutions until the end of 2 January 2021. A face mask or shield is not required when you are seated.

Bars, cafes and restaurants must still close at 10.00 pm, and customers must wear a face mask while standing. This requirement will also apply until the end of 2 January 2021.

The requirement to wear a face mask etc. on public transport will also apply until the end of 2 January 2021.

 

Fines imposed for violation of restrictions during the COVID-19 outbreak (in Danish)

Enforcement and sanctions
The police can apply the necessary force as defined in the Police Act to enforce the ban on gatherings of more than 10 people being present simultaneously at the same location in connection with indoor or outdoor events etc.

Moreover, fines can be issued for violation of a ban or an order issued in pursuance of the Executive Orders, including the Executive Order Banning Large Gatherings and the Executive Orders Requiring Face Masks.

According to the Government's announcement, the ban on gatherings of more than 10 people applies from 26 October 2020 to 13 December 2020.
Any owner of a business like a discotheque who does not observe the requirement to keep his or her premises or locations closed to the public may be liable to a fine.

A natural or legal person who is not required to keep his/her/its premises closed to the public may be liable to a fine if he/she/it does not follow the rules requiring him/her/it to:

 

  • Ensure a free floor area of at least four square metres for each customer, visitor or participant. However, at premises where customers, visitors or participants are mainly seated, one customer, visitor or participant is allowed for each two square metres of floor area.
  • If it is a restaurant, bar or similar establishment, information posters must be displayed at entrance doors stating the maximum number of people allowed at the premises. Information posters must also be displayed in or at the premises to remind people of the requirement to wear a face mask or shield and of the risk that they can be asked to leave.
  • Ensure that all employees and other persons admitted to the premises observe the Danish Health Authority's recommendations on good hygiene and appropriate conduct.
  • Display information posters telling people with symptoms of COVID-19 to isolate themselves at home.
  • Display information posters on good hygiene and appropriate conduct in public spaces.
  • Make water and soap and/or hand sanitizer (with an alcohol concentration of at least 70%) available to customers, visitors and participants.
  • Ensure that employees and other persons admitted to the premises use gloves when selling and delivering non-wrapped food if they touch the food with their hands.
  • Change the layout of premises to ensure social distancing between customers, visitors and participants – also at checkouts.
  • Ensure the presence of visible supervisory staff during opening hours in retail stores larger than 2,000 square metres, including durable goods shops, grocery shops, shopping centres, department stores, supermarkets, bazars and shopping arcades open to the public, to ensure compliance with the restrictions on premises set out in the Executive Order Banning Large Gatherings and with the relevant guidelines in light of the outbreak of COVID-19. At such stores, there must be at least one staff member for each 2,000 square metres, and the total floor area of the store must be posted at entrance doors.

 

The police can also order a natural or legal person to close his/her/its premises to the public for a specific period if the police find that the natural or legal person has not observed the above-mentioned requirements and it is not likely that the natural or legal person will observe the requirements in future. The police can issue a fine to the natural or legal person for failing to comply with the order.

The police can impose a fine on a person for not following the directions to leave a place, and the police can apply force to remove persons from a place, if necessary.

No. The police can only order natural and legal persons to keep certain premises closed to the public.

 

 A 'natural or legal person' is the owner of the relevant business/shop, but not the paid staff members. Accordingly, only the owner of the relevant business/shop can be punished for not observing the requirement to keep certain premises closed, not the paid staff members.